Waec Syllabus | Tourism Waec Syllabus

Below is this year’s WAEC syllabus for  Tourism. Note that this syllabus is for both Internal and external candidates.

 

PREAMBLE

 

The syllabus is designed to evaluate the candidates’ knowledge and skills in the potentials available in the tourism industry. The syllabus is based on the assumption that not less than three teaching periods or 2 hours per week will be allocated to the subject during the senior secondary school course.

 

AIM AND OBJECTIVES

 

The examination will test candidates’ ability to:

 

  • explain the concepts associated with tourism activities such as tourism, tourist, tourist attraction, tour operation, excursion, travel agency etc;
  • acquire knowledge of tourist attraction centres and their locations;
  • understand the financial, social and developmental benefits of tourism to a nation;
  • explain the tourism and cultural festivals of a nation;
  • acquire the basic knowledge of the operations of travel agency and tour businesses;
  • understand the roles and functions of public and private agencies in tourism;
  • develop skills in tourism entrepreneurship.

 

FIELD WORK

 

The students should be exposed to field work through excursions to tourism industry sites such as airports, sea ports, beaches, landforms, game reserves, national parks, museums, hotels, tour agencies, etc on which they should be examined as part of their continuous assessment in schools. The scores for the field work should account for 40 per cent of the total continuous assessment scores of the students that will be forwarded to the examining body.

 

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

 

The subject will be examined as a composite paper made up of two papers-papers 1 & 2 to be answered in 2 hours 30 minutes.

 

Paper1: will comprise 40 multiple choice questions drawn to cover the entire syllabus.

Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 40 minutes for 40 marks.

 

Paper 2: will consist of two Sections, A and B.

 

Section A: will consist of ten restricted-response essay questions, all of which must be answered for  40 marks. Candidates are advised not to spend more than 50 minutes on this section.

 

Section B: will consist of 5 essay type questions of which candidates will be expected to answer any 3 questions only for 60 marks in one hour.

 

 

CONTENTS NOTES
CONCEPTS AND TOURISM RESOURCES

 

 

Concepts

 

 

Scope

 

History of tourism

 

Types of tourism

 

Tourism and travel business

 

 

 

 

Components of tourism

 

Tourist product

 

 

Tourist attractions in a nation

 

 

 

 

 

Tourism statistics

 

 

 

 

 

 

Benefits of tourism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Definition of tourism, tourist, visitor, tour, operation, excursion, recreation, leisure, hospitality, travel etc.

 

Scope of tourism

 

History of tourism

 

Types of tourism( domestic, international)

 

Forms of tourism:

Incoming/inbound, out-coming /outbound, international, domestic, long       haul, short haul, business, eco\environmental, cultural, religious/mistrial, sport, youth.

 

Components: attraction, accessibility, amenities.

 

Definition of tourist product

Characteristics of tourist products (heterogeneous, intangible, immovable)

 

Tourist attractions and their locations:

–          natural(national parks, scenic features, beaches, coasts, landforms etc)

–          man-made( monuments, museums, palaces etc)

–          social cultural( historical monuments, festivals, carnivals, sports etc)

Meaning of tourism statistics

–          inflow(arrival)

–          outflow(departure)

–          expenditure pattern

–          data collection

–          importance of tourism statistics

 

Economic benefits:

–          financial

–          taxes

–          levies

–          balance of payments

–          foreign exchange earnings etc

Social benefits:

–          cultural understanding

–          job creation

–          international co-operation

 

 

CONTENTS NOTES
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Festivals and heritages in a nation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BUSINESS

 AND ENTREPRENEURIAL SKILLS IN TOURISM

 

Reasons for travel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Developmental benefits:

(a)    infrastructure

–          road

–          light

–          water

–          communication

(b)   superstructure

–          buildings

–          flyovers

(c ) rural development

–          preserves nature

–          use of land

 

Festivals in Nigeria:

–          Argungu International Fishing Festival

–          Oshogbo International Festival

–          New yam festival

–          Shao mass wedding

–          Sharo festival

–          Fare Wrestling Festival etc

 

Heritages in a nation

–          Sakur world heritage site

–          Museums and monument

–          Art galleries

–          Museums

–          Palaces

–          Gidan Makama

–          Shrines

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why people travel

Physiological factors:

–          visit to friends and relations

–          holidays

–          health

Economic factors:

–          business\shopping

–          conference\meetings

–          trade fare\exhibition

Social factors:

–          religion

–          sports

–          beautiful natural sceneries

 

 

CONTENTS NOTES
 

 

 

 

Travel agency business

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tour operating business

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Support services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

–          fashion fare

–          education

–          self esteem

 

Meaning of travel agency/agent

The roles/functions of a travel agent

–          reservation

–          ticketing

–          visa procurement

–          foreign exchange procurement etc

Qualities of a travel agent

–          resourcefulness

–          marketing skills

–          honesty /integrity

–          good communication skills

–          timeliness

–          vision

–          managerial ability

–          good understanding of ICT

–          creativity etc

 

Definition/ meaning of tour operator

Roles of a tour operator

–          packaging

–          marketing

–          executing

Qualities of a tour operator

–          honesty

–          good public relations

–          good marketing skills

–          good financial standing

–          good knowledge of the environment

–          innovativeness

–          good understanding of ICT etc

 

Support groups in travel business:

(i)                 financial support

insurance, banking, bureau de change

(ii)               transport facilities/

car hire services

(iii)             souvenir shops e.g. local crafts etc

(iv)             accommodation\hotel and catering services

(v)               health services e.g. first aid, clinics, hospitals etc

(vi)             security services

 

 

CONTENTS                      NOTES
Public agencies in tourism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Private agencies in tourism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tourism marketing

 

Identification and roles of public agencies in tourism

(a)    (i) Federal Ministry of Tourism, Culture and National Orientation

(b)   State Tourism Boards

(c)    Local Government Tourism Committees

(d)   Parastatals

–          Nigerian Tourism Development Corporation

(NTDC)- policy implementation

–          National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism              (NIHOTOUR) Manpower development

–          National Commission for Museums and Monuments       (NCMM) Preservation of heritages

 

Identification and roles of private tourism agencies in Nigeria

(a)    Federation of Tourism Association of Nigeria(FTAN)- umbrella body for all private tourism agencies in Nigeria

(b)   National Association of Nigeria Travel Agencies(NANTA)- regulates travel agencies

(c)    Association of Nigerian Journalists and Writers on Tourism(ANTWT)-writes on tourism issues in national dailies and tourism magazines

(d)   National Association of Tour Operators(NATOP)- regulates tour operating businesses

(e)    Nigerian Hotels Association(NHA)

(f)    Hospitality and Tourism Management Association of Nigeria (HATMAN)- umbrella body for all hospitality and tourism practitioners

Meaning of tourism marketing

Tourism marketing strategies:

–          segmentation

–          mass marketing

–          niche marketing(new emerging markets)

Marketing tools in tourism

(a)    electronic media

–          television

–          radio

(b)   print media

–          newspapers

–          magazines

–          journals

–          publications

(c)    fairs and exhibitions

–          local fairs

–          international fairs

(d)   e-tourism

–          internet services

–          e-banking

–          e-reservation

–          electronic billboard

 

CONTENTS NOTES
Entrepreneurship in tourism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Service delivery in tourism

 

 

 

 

 

Skill acquisition

Meaning of entrepreneurship

Meaning of cottage industries

Examples of cottage industries:

Leather works, ceramics and pottery, bread making, tie and dye, hair        weaving, painting, cloth weaving, raffia weaving etc

Items produced in cottage industries:

–          shoes, bags, wallet, belts etc.

–          water pots, cooking pots, wall tiles, floor tiles etc.

–          beads, ornaments, earrings etc.

–          clothes, adire, kampalla etc.

–          Jamaica beads, Ghana beads,chuku etc.

–          Akwa-ocha, aso ofi, aso oke, akwete etc.

–          Cane chairs, broom, raffia beds etc.

 

Meaning of service delivery

Service delivery in tourism:

–          tour guards, ticket retailers, cooks waiters, photographers, cultural dancers, drivers, game guards, reservation officers etc.

 

Definition of skills

Skill acquisition centres in a nation:

–          Small and Medium Enterprise Development Agency of Nigeria(SMEDAN)

–          National Directorate of Employment(NDE)

–          National Institute for Hospitality and Tourism (NIHOTOUR)

–          National Institute for Cultural Orientation (NICO)

–          Ushafa Pottery Centre etc

 

SUGGESTED READING LIST

 

Brian Boniface and Christopher Cooper (2001)         The Geography of Travel and Tourism, 3rd Edition, Published by Butterworth-Henneiman. London

 

Clins Cooper, John Fletcher, Alam Fyall, David Gilbert and Stephen Wallhill (2009) Tourism Principle and Practice, 2nd Edition, Published by Pehentice Hall.London.

 

Jeanne Semer Purzycki (2000)  Travel Vision: A Practical Guide for the Travel, Tourism and Hospitality Industry, Published by Prechentice Hall.

 

John Hibbs (2000)       An Introduction to Transport Studies, 3rd Edition, Published by Kogan Yak.

 

Leave a Reply